what do beetles do for the environment

What Do Beetles Do for the Environment?

Last Updated on August 26, 2023 by Krystine

While some may see beetles as pests, these insects play integral roles in ecosystems worldwide.

Beetles provide essential services, indicate habitat quality, and contribute to ecological balances.

Understanding beetle diversity and function illuminates their profound importance.

What Do Beetles Do for the Environment?

Dung beetles
Image Credit: San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance

Beetles provide ecosystem services like pollination, pest control, waste cleanup, and soil enrichment.

They are critical to ecological function and reflect habitat quality.

Protecting beetle biodiversity is essential to maintain stable, thriving ecosystems.

Key Points

  • Beetles recycle nutrients, store carbon, and control pests and parasites without chemicals.
  • Presence and diversity of beetles indicates the health and stability of habitats.
  • As pollinators, beetles improve crop yields and support plant diversity.

What Ecosystem Services Do Beetles Provide?

Beetles make vital contributions that support ecosystem health:


Flower beetles like soldier beetles feed on pollen and transfer it between plants as they forage and move about their habitat.

Some scarab beetles also contribute to pollination.

Pest control

Predatory ground beetles and ladybugs prey on pest insects.

Their larvae also help reduce crop pests below economic thresholds without insecticides.


Carrion feeding beetles like burying beetles break down dead plant and animal matter, recycling nutrients back into the soil.

Dung beetles also fill this role.

Soil improvement

Tunneling dung beetles and other species aerate and enrich soils.

Certain flower beetles contribute to microbial life underground.

Seed dispersal

Some beetles inadvertently spread seeds while foraging.

Dung beetles also disperse and bury seeds contained in manure.

Beetles provide free and natural pest control, cleanup services, soil fertility, and pollination that supports agriculture and ecosystems.

How Do Beetles Indicate Habitat Quality?

Types of beetles
Image Credit: Animal Spot

The presence and diversity of beetles provides insight into environmental health:

Sensitive species reflect undisturbed conditions.

Rare jewel beetles require mature forests.

Tiger beetles indicate intact shorelines.

Loss of specialist beetles represents declining biodiversity.

These species disappear as habitats degrade.

Abundance and diversity point to well-functioning ecosystems with complex food webs.

More beetle species are supported by thriving conditions.

Certain groups dominate recovering areas like brownfields.

Ground beetles prosper on untended open land.

Invasive beetle presence may signal disrupted systems.

Non-native species can edge out natives.

Understanding what beetles occupy an area and their roles provides a living assessment of environmental quality and change.

What Role Do Dung Beetles Play in Ecosystems?

As master recyclers, dung beetles contribute:

Waste cleanup

They quickly remove animal feces from grasslands and pastures, improving aesthetics and health.

A single pat can feed a beetle pair and their larvae.

Nutrient cycling

Burying manure accelerates breakdown and enriches soils with organics and nitrogen faster, improving pasture fertility.

Parasite control

Beetles remove pathogens and worm larvae from dung that infect livestock, reducing reinfestation risk up to 80-95%.

Fly management

Fast burial decreases breeding habitat for nuisance flies and insect pests like horn flies that harm cattle.

Carbon storage

Underground manure decomposition emits less methane versus undisturbed dung pats releasing greenhouse gases like manure stockpiles.

Dung beetles provide vital waste removal, parasite management, soil enrichment, and other services that support ecosystems and agriculture.

Why Are Insect Pollinators Important?

Beetles supplement other insect pollinators with key contributions:

Wild plant pollination

Beetles enhance genetic diversity by moving pollen between native plants.

Around 88% of flowering plants rely on insect pollination.

Food crop pollination

Beetles improve yields for over 100 crops from mango and avocado to cotton through their foraging activities.


Beetles pollinate flowers other insects cannot access due to size or shape restrictions.

Their diversity fills gaps.


A variety of pollinators provides functional redundancy if some bee species decline.

Beetles hedge risk.


Flower beetles like soldier beetles pollinate at cooler temperatures than bees.

This extends the pollination period.

Supporting diverse pollinator guilds enhances ecosystem stability and improves crop production.

Beetles form a vital part of the pollination picture.

What Environmental Factors Threaten Beetles?

Beetles face risks from climate change, habitat loss, pollution, and other stressors:

Warming temperatures may exceed thermal tolerances for some species adapted to cooler climates.

Ranges shift as habitat suitability changes.

Fragmentation, agricultural conversion, and development destroy contiguous beetle habitats and the diverse plant communities they require to survive.

Pesticides and pollutants reduce beetle biodiversity and abundance while also impairing their ecological roles.

Invasive species and diseases imported via global trade disrupt native beetle populations.

Direct competition also occurs for resources.

Extreme weather and drought associated with climate change decrease food sources like vegetation and prey availability for beetles.

Protecting interconnected habitat corridors and reducing non-climate stressors gives beetles the best chance to endure environmental changes ahead.

Are Beetles Beneficial?

Yes, beetles provide tremendous benefits for ecosystems and human interests.

As pollinators, decomposers, and pest regulators, beetles deliver valuable services that support environmental and agricultural health.

Predatory beetles like ladybugs naturally control pest insects without chemicals.

This protects crops and reduces the need for pesticide application.

Dung beetles also suppress pest fly populations while accelerating manure breakdown.

Meanwhile, beetle pollination improves yields for avocados, mangos, cacao, and dozens of other crops. Beetles are economically important for agriculture worldwide.

Beetles also recycle waste, replenish soils, indicate habitat quality, and maintain biodiversity.

Overall, most beetle species play beneficial roles by occupying diverse niches across ecosystems.

What Do Beetles Give Back to the Ecosystem?

Beetles give back to ecosystems in many ways:

Cycling nutrients by breaking down organic matter and feces, returning nutrients to the soil

Pollinating wild plants and agricultural crops to support biodiversity and food production

Controlling pests like crop-damaging insects, parasites, and disease vectors

Improving soil health through burrowing, tunneling, and incorporating organic matter

Dispersing seeds contained in animal dung to facilitate plant propagation

Providing food for birds, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and other predators

Indicating habitat quality through sensitive species presence and population viability

Beetles are integral to energy flow, food webs, and ecosystem function in nearly all habitats worldwide.

Why are Dung Beetles so Important?

As master waste recyclers, dung beetles provide vital services that benefit ecosystems, livestock, and agriculture:

They quickly remove dung pats, improving pasture aesthetics and health for grazing animals.

Burying manure underground enriches soils with organics and nitrogen, increasing fertility.

Dung burial accelerates breakdown while reducing pests like flies that spread disease and harm cattle.

Underground decomposition emits less methane versus manure left on the surface releasing greenhouse gases.

Beetles remove pathogens and parasite larvae like worms from dung that can reinfect livestock.

By supporting soil health, reducing pests and parasites, and recycling waste, dung beetles contribute to productive grasslands and sustainable livestock operations.

How Do Insects Affect Soil?

As ecosystem engineers, insects influence soil properties:

Tunneling aerates soil, allowing air, water, and root penetration into deeper layers.

This benefits plant growth.

Shredding organic matter like leaf litter accelerates decay and incorporation of nutrients into soil food webs.

Digesting and excreting organic material directly adds nutrients like nitrogen to soils.

Ant hills concentrate phosphorus.

Building mounds and moving subsurface particles mixes soils, redistributing organics, minerals, air pockets, and water channels.

Abundant burrowing insects indicate healthy, well-aerated soil.

Their diversity and activity maintains soil fertility.

Insects directly and indirectly enrich soils through digestion, tunneling, and incorporating organic matter to support plant communities.

Key Takeaways:

  • Beetles provide free waste management, pest control, pollination, and other vital services worth billions.
  • They recycle nutrients, store carbon, enrich soils, and reflect environmental health.
  • Protecting beetle biodiversity is critical to ensure essential ecosystem functions continue.
  • Though small, beetles make a mighty contribution to the natural world we depend on.
  • Respecting these diverse insects reminds us how intricately nature works together to thrive.


How Do Insects Help the Soil?

Insects like beetles aerate, enrich, and cycle nutrients in soil. They break down organic matter and feces into forms plants can use. Their tunnels also help water infiltration.

What Role Do Insects Play in an Ecosystem?

Insects pollinate plants, serve as food for other animals, recycle waste, enrich soils, control pests, and reflect habitat quality. They are vital to energy flow and ecosystem function.

How Does Pollination Help Plants Reproduce?

Pollination transfers pollen from plant to plant, allowing fertilization and seed production for reproduction. Diverse pollinators like beetles ensure resilient, productive plant communities.

Why Are Some Insects Beneficial?

Beneficial insects perform pest control, decomposition, pollination, and other services that support ecosystems.

Protecting beneficial insects promotes biodiversity and environmental health.

At GreenChiCafe, we are passionate about the environment and our natural world.

Please check out our website for more great content on important environmental topics.

Scroll to Top